March 5, 2020 is the 250th Anniversary of the Boston Massacre. On March 5, 1770, there was a great deal of unrest throughout the town of Boston. Roving gangs of Bostonians vented their frustrations on unsuspecting soldiers and officers belonging to the 14th and the 29th Regiments of Foot. A group of young Bostonians surrounded a sentry at the Customs House on King Street (now State Street). The sentry felt threatened by the crowd because they were hurling pieces of ice, snow and other street detritus along with volleys of invective and abuse. Local citizens reported the plight of the sentry to the Main Guard, a reserve force of British soldiers stationed near the State House. Captain Thomas Preston of the 29th Regiment was Officer of the Day and he led a reserve force of 12 to the aid of the Custom House sentry. Events spiralled out of control resulting in the soldiers firing on the crowd, immediately killing Crispus Attucks, Samuel Gray and James Caldwell, mortally wounding Patrick Carr and Samuel Maverick. Edward Paine and Christopher Monk were among the wounded. Monk would die several years later as a result of his wounds.
Please use the links below to find out more about this pivotal event on the Road to the American Revolution.2020 Events Related to the Boston Massacre Primary Sources The Funeral of the Massacre Victims The Trials of the Captain Preston and the Soldiers The Massacre Orations